World Heritage in Slovakia
UNESCO is famous also for its so called “world heritage”. This concept was created on the basis of the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, 1972. This Convention is based on the idea that there are places (whether natural or created by humans) with such an exceptional value to the world that they should be considered as heritage of the whole mankind (not only as heritage of the given country, region) and that they should enjoy special protection in order to preserve them for future genarations.
The Convention is unique in that it combines the idea of nature protection together with the preservation of cultural monuments. Placing great emphasis on the role of the local communities, the Convention serves as an instrument for addressing challenges related with climate change, rapid urbanization, mass tourism, sustainable socio-economic development, natural disasters and other challenges of today’s world.
To this date, 191 states have acceded to the Convention. The World Heritage List consists of 1007 sites from 161 Member States (779 cultural, 197 natural and 31 mixed).