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UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is an international organization whose main aim is to promote international cooperation and understanding in the area of education, social and human sciences, natural sciences, environment, culture, information, communication, informatics, and to promote respect for human rights and the legal system and thereby contribute to the consolidation of peace throughout the world.


UNESCO was established in 1945 in response to two devastating world wars. The twentieth century brought a war with such extension that it engulfed the whole world, yet this new, very dangerous, phenomenon was repeated again in about two decades later, leaving behind only trigger and ruins. This was a clear signal to the world that desired peace can be built and maintained only on the basis of moral and intellectual solidarity of the mankind as a whole. 

Therefore, the main objectives of UNESCO are as follows:

1. Promotion of education – in order to ensure access to good quality education for everyone.

2. Promotion of intercultural understanding – by the means of protection of the world cultural and natural heritage and also by the means of promotion of cultural diversity and intercultural dialogue.

3. Promotion of scientific cooperation – e.g. by the establishment of transboundary water management agreements.

4. Protection of freedom of expression – as a prerequisite of democracy, human dignity, but also one of the conditions inevitable in relation to development.

UNESCO is the only professional organization in the UN system which has a mandate to develop the cultural and intellectual potential of the world community.